While the standard set of varying DND Dice is useful for a standard game of Dungeons and Dragons, D&D is hardly the only game out there. Varying rpg games use differing systems, which require different dice. The most commonly used die in these systems, alongside its use in D&D, is the d6.
Far across the oceans from the Sword Coast lie the shores of Mazteca, once the home of a proud and independent people, ravaged by the forces of the Forgotten Realms. The wild jungles of Mazteca are still vast and largely unexplored, however, filled with unusual beasts, colorful birds, and dangerous terrain. Still, adventurers brave them in search of legendary pyramids - home to the mystical Couatls, ancient birds of polychromatic beauty and intrinsic goodness, overflowing with magical power, who are known to occasionally bestow their grace upon their Rainbow Servants. These temples are built of great blocks, cubes on top of cubes, like a massive staircase towards the sky, perfect squares building up in tribute and in summoning of their great occupants. Some researchers have even put forward the idea that these cubes, often symbols of fate and predetermination in the outer planes, have deeper symbolic meaning.
Tabletop Dice of Choice
The humble d6 is perhaps the most common die. Easy to roll, easy to read, and with limited totals, d6 make up the base of many rule systems. The only smaller die is the d4 (unless you start getting creative with shapes, and include coins), which keeps numbers relatively simple to add up.
Most common board games (such as Monopoly, Sorry, etc) use d6 as their movement dice, making them the most recognizable die to the general public!
TTRPG systems that use d6s tend to rely on either an even-odd dichotomy, individual failure/success determinations, or else a 3-part failure/partial-success/success set, depending upon the total of the roll. This is because, unlike d20s, d10s, and d100s, d6s cannot break down a percentage for a more straightforward ‘likelihood of success’ roll.
D6s in the d20 System
In the d20 system, particularly that used by Dungeons and Dragons, d6 are first used to roll stats (3 or 4 of them at a time, depending upon the method that you use), then often for weapon, spell, and sneak attack damage, as well as for Inspiration.
Most regular animal and monster enemies also have 1d6+STR attacks, be it their claws, swords, or fangs.
D6 RPG Games and Systems
Dungeons and Dragons relies on a d20 system, but plenty of games use d6s as their base die. The most common is GURPS (Generic Universal Roleplaying System), which is open source and used by any number of games and LARPs, but the options are much wider than even that.
- Hero System
And many more!
D6 Tabletop Games:
- Vampire: The Masquerade
- Xena and Hercules
- Star Wars the Roleplaying Game
- Tunnels and Trolls
- Victoriana (Airship Pirates)
- Monster of the Week
And many more!